Routine maintenance tasks – Cleaning Hardware Components

Below is a link to a Youtube video of me cleaning the inside of the computer.


Software – Device Drivers

When installing a device to use in or with your computer, you wont normally get prompted to install drivers. This is because most peripherals are ‘Plug-in and Play’. This means they do it automatically in one of the background processes your computer undertakes.

As seen with this small slide show, it did everything automatically and all i had to do was choose what to do with it.

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This applies to almost all devices and accessories for your modern day computer. However it wasn’t always like this, and at one point, you had to use a disk or the internet to get every single driver for whatever you plugged into your computer.

Configuration – Customising Application Toolbars

To customize and edit your toolbar is really easy! All you have to do is a few simple steps and you have a wide range of options and formats you can have your toolbar in.

  1. On your desktop you need to right click on the task-bar at the bottom of the screen.Screenshot (40)
  2. You will then be prompted by the small menu, with all the options you can do from the right click.
  3. Hover your mouse over the ‘Toolbar’ option in the menu, and you will be given a fly-out menu that you can use to customize your toolbar. Screenshot (41)
  4. From there you will be prompted with options you can pick and choose, and play around with. These options vary and can be different from system to system.


Software – Installing a fresh copy of Windows

If you follow the steps below in order and do what i do, as seen in the slideshow, you will end up with a clean, fresh install of Windows.

  1. Insert USB
  2. Open USB contents
  3. Run the Setup file.
  4. Click Yes
  5. Click Install Now
  6. Because this is an offline computer we clicked to not get updates. If you are connected to the internet, click to get updates, to make sure your computer is as up to date as possible. Click continue once you’ve made your mind up.
  7. Accept the T&C’s
  8. Click next and select your device to install it onto
  9. Click OK if it had stuff on it previously
  10. Wait for all the processes to finish
  11. Select your region, time, and keyboard layout
  12. Choose a name
  13. Create a password
  14. Click Ask me later if your offline, either of the other two if your online
  15. Choose your Timezone
  16. Wait for it to load
  17. Done.

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Configuration – Startup and Power Options

When you startup your computer or laptop, you will want to know how to edit programs on startup and also the power options you have available. The way to access startup applications is to:

Go onto your desktop.

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Click CTRL + ALT + Delete and select task manager.

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From the menu you need to click startup on the tabs at the top.

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From here you can enable or disable any of the startup applications on the computer, and also have information with regards to how much of an impact it has on the startup.

For power options, you need to enter the BIOS as your computer starts. Then when greeted with the BIOS menu, you have to use the arrow keys or mouse to navigate to power options. Click, or tap enter and choose the option that you want to choose. Then click on the save and exit tabs, either with your mouse or with the arrow keys and enter. Save and exit.

Configuration – BIOS

To enter into the BIOS you will need to mash the appropriate key for your computer. This will require a keyboard to access. 20170106_112854[1].jpg

The BIOS is the very first thing that loads and works when you open your computer. You will need to spam click a key the INSTANT your computer turns on. For me it is F12 to open the BIOS menu. Your then greeted with the simple menu of boot drives, which you will want to click ‘Enter Setup’.


From here you will be greeted with a full screen menu with a larger interface, and many more options.


After coming to this page, you can explore all the options available, these will tell you lots of information about the computer, as well as give you settings that you can change. As seen above, there is the controls menu on the bottom right, that gives you all the controls you can possibly use in the BIOS menu.


Thanks to the limitations on the BIOS menu in college, we managed to get this far with setting up the BIOS. The BLUE list entries are the only ones available, others, you can use to set up virus detection, and hard drive boot order etc. The Quiet boot mode allows you to boot up slowly, with no noise, compared to the disabled, quick and noisy boot. Remove invalid boot options is simply a list cleaning tool for if you use multiple hard drives. You will then have to save and exit with your changes. This is from the next tab across on the top. It will then restart normally with your applied changers already made.

“To set a PASSWORD you need to go onto the SECURITY tab on the top of the menu. You then need to scroll down to the password options.


Link :


You then need to click enter on the correct option, type your password and save, and exit.” – Not Necessary But though I Would Mention.